New Hope provided low-income adults with cash earnings supplements and a range of employment services aimed at reducing poverty and improving well-being among participants.

New Hope provided low-income adults with cash earnings supplements and a range of employment services aimed at reducing poverty and improving well-being among participants.

New Hope participants who worked at least 30 hours per week could receive low-cost health insurance (if not provided through their employer) and child care subsidies (if they had a child under 13).

Participants whose earnings were below the federal poverty threshold also received a monthly earnings supplement that brought their total income up to the federal poverty threshold. All participants met one-on-one or in in small group meetings with program representatives, who encouraged participants to maximize benefit receipt and provided job coaching and counseling. Participants who were unable to find full-time employment were placed in full- or part-time subsidized community service jobs with local nonprofit organizations, with a requirement for consistent attendance and job performance.

Each community service job lasted up to 6 months, and participants could hold community service jobs for up to a total of 12 months. Participants received New Hope services for three years.

Individuals were eligible for New Hope if they were living within one of two selected zip codes, had earnings below 150 percent of the federal poverty level, were 18 or older, and were willing and able to work full time. New Hope was implemented in Milwaukee, WI.

Year evaluation began: 1994
Populations and employment barriers:
Intervention services: Case management, Employment retention services, Financial incentives, Health services, Substance use disorder treatment and mental health services, Supportive services, Individual Placement and Support, Subsidized employment, Work experience, Work readiness activities, Job search assistance, Job development/job placement
Setting(s): Urban only

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Supported favorable $1,883 per year 0.09 1353
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $418 per year 0.02 1357
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 5% (in percentage points) 0.13 1353
Long-term Supported favorable 4% (in percentage points) 0.10 1357
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-41 per year -0.02 1353
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-105 per year -0.04 1357
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods Little evidence to assess support unfavorable -2% (in percentage points) -0.04 1080

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1