The Family Transition Program (FTP) was a welfare reform initiative designed to improve the self-sufficiency of single-parent recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in Florida.

The Family Transition Program (FTP) was a welfare reform initiative designed to improve the self-sufficiency of single-parent recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in Florida.

The Family Transition Program was one of the demonstration projects made possible by Section 1115 waivers to the rules in effect at the time for the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. These Section 1115 waivers allowed states to test new approaches to advance the objectives of the AFDC program.

FTP had four main components. First, it offered enhanced services, such as case management, enhanced employment and training services, adult education, unpaid work experience, social and health services, child care, and support services. Project Independence, Florida’s preexisting welfare-to-work service provider, delivered the enhanced services, often in the FTP service centers. The clients were required to participate in the enhanced services for at least 30 hours per week until they obtained paid employment.

Second, participants were limited to 24 months of cash assistance receipt in any 60-month period after entering the program.

Third, participants were also required to ensure that their school-age children attended school regularly, to talk to their children’s teachers each grading period, and to begin any necessary immunizations. Their cash assistance grants would be reduced if they failed to do these things.

Finally, FTP offered several financial incentives to encourage work. The first $200 plus half of their remaining earned income were disregarded from a family’s cash assistance grant calculation, meaning that families could keep more of their income as their earnings increased.

Individuals not in FTP would instead see their grants reduce by one dollar for each dollar they earned. Families could also accumulate more assets than were normally allowed without losing eligibility for AFDC, and were offered transitional child care for two years after they left FTP.

The program took place in Escambia County, Florida.

Year evaluation began: 1994
Populations and employment barriers: Parents, Single parents
Intervention services: Case management, Education, Health services, Sanctions, Supportive services, Training, Unpaid work experience, Work experience
Setting(s): Tested in multiple settings

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $565 per year 0.03 2815
Long-term Supported favorable $1,778 per year 0.09 2815
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 6% (in percentage points) 0.15 2815
Long-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable -1% (in percentage points) -0.03 2815
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Supported favorable $-91 per year -0.03 2815
Long-term Supported favorable $-435 per year -0.16 2815
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods No evidence to assess support

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1