The TWC initiated a transitional jobs program to provide subsidized jobs to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients.

The TWC initiated a transitional jobs program to provide subsidized jobs to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients.

The TWC’s transitional jobs program began with a two-week orientation, and from 2004 to 2007, the TWC paid participants a stipend of $25 for each day of orientation that they attended. The TWC staff then used information from interest assessments and other orientation tools to place participants in a transitional, subsidized job where the TWC paid them minimum wage. The TWC also trained on-site partners to mentor participants in the workplace. Participants worked at those jobs for 25 hours per week for up to six months.

Throughout the orientation and participation in transitional jobs, participants met regularly with career advisors. During the transitional jobs, they also participated in 10 hours per week of other professional development activities, including job mentoring, job search assistance, and general education diploma preparation. The TWC staff helped participants find unsubsidized employment, typically seeking positions paying more than minimum wage. Participants were eligible for retention bonuses of up to $800 after six months of full-time employment in a permanent job. The transitional jobs program was implemented in Philadelphia, PA. It was a part of the Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration that also evaluated Success Through Employment Preparation (STEP) and the comparison between the transitional jobs program and STEP.

Year evaluation began: 2004
Populations and employment barriers: Specific employment barriers
Intervention services: Case management, Education, Financial incentives, Sanctions, Subsidized employment, Transitional jobs, Job search assistance
Setting(s): Urban only

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

Back to top
View Table Help Need more context or definitions for the Outcome Domain table below? View the "Table Help" to get more insight into terms, measures, and definitions.

Scroll to the right to view the rest of the table columns

Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $1,318 per year 0.06 1217
Long-term Little evidence to assess support 0
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 3% (in percentage points) 0.08 1217
Long-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable -2% (in percentage points) -0.05 1217
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-116 per year -0.04 1217
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-132 per year -0.05 1217
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods No evidence to assess support

Studies of this Intervention

Back to top
Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1