The Traditional Case Management program provided case management to single-parent Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) applicants and recipients focused on improving their educational and vocational skills in preparation for securing a job.

The Traditional Case Management program provided case management to single-parent Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) applicants and recipients focused on improving their educational and vocational skills in preparation for securing a job.

Participants worked with one case manager to improve educational and vocational skills and with a separate income maintenance case manager to determine their welfare eligibility and payment issuance. Participants who did not have a high school diploma or general education diploma were assigned to basic education classes, whereas participants with basic education credentials were assigned to vocational training, postsecondary education, or work experience.

Case managers provided job search assistance after they determined that participants were employable. Traditional Case Management also covered child care, transportation, and incidental work costs, and it included an on-site child care center. Case managers monitored and enforced program participation, and participants who did not meet the program participation requirements were sanctioned with a reduction in their monthly welfare payments. Services ended when clients exited AFDC. Participants in Traditional Case Management were single-parent AFDC applicants and recipients whose youngest child was at least 3 years old.

The intervention was implemented in Columbus, OH, and was mandatory for all participants as part of the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training welfare-to-work program, unless they met one of several exclusion criteria. The demonstration also included an Integrated Case Management program and a comparison of the Traditional and Integrated Case Management programs. Case managers in the Integrated Case Management program had smaller caseloads and monitored participation more closely.

Year evaluation began: 1992
Populations and employment barriers: Parents, Single parents, Cash assistance recipients
Intervention services: Case management, Education, Sanctions, Supportive services, Training, Occupational or sectoral training, Soft skills training, Unpaid work experience, Work experience, Job search assistance
Setting(s): Tested in multiple settings

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $795 per year 0.04 4729
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $669 per year 0.03 4729
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 1% (in percentage points) 0.03 4729
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 1% (in percentage points) 0.03 4729
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Supported favorable $-267 per year -0.10 4729
Long-term Supported favorable $-305 per year -0.11 4729
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods Supported favorable 3% (in percentage points) 0.07 723

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1