Oklahoma City’s ET&E program provided education and occupational training to single parents to help improve their employment prospects.

Oklahoma City’s ET&E program provided education and occupational training to single parents to help improve their employment prospects.

Clients were assigned case managers who helped identify education and job development opportunities that were appropriate for them. Education opportunities included life skills workshops, adult basic education, general education diploma certificate courses, or English as a Second Language courses. Job development opportunities included vocational skills training, work experience (including internships), on-the-job training, or unpaid work. The program also offered reimbursements for child care and transportation expenses.

There was no limit on the duration of program services. A home visit with a social worker at the start of program participation helped to confirm eligibility for the program. The social worker and participant also completed an employability plan at this time.

The program was available to heads of single-parent households if they (1) had not received Aid to Families with Dependent Children in Oklahoma within the past 60 days, (2) had children older than 1, and (3) were not members of the Sac and Fox Native American tribes. Individuals ages 16 to 19 were also eligible, even if their youngest child was younger than 1. Participation in the ET&E program was mandatory for those who were confirmed to be eligible, and case managers could sanction nonparticipating clients. The ET&E program took place in Oklahoma City, OK.

Year evaluation began: 1991
Populations and employment barriers: Parents, Single parents, Cash assistance recipients
Intervention services: Case management, Education, Sanctions, Supportive services, Training, Occupational or sectoral training, Soft skills training, On-the-job training, Subsidized employment, Unpaid work experience, Work experience, Job development/job placement
Setting(s): Urban only

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

Back to top
View Table Help Need more context or definitions for the Outcome Domain table below? View the "Table Help" to get more insight into terms, measures, and definitions.

Scroll to the right to view the rest of the table columns

Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Supported favorable $126 per year 0.01 8677
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $418 per year 0.02 8677
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable -1% (in percentage points) -0.03 8677
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 1% (in percentage points) 0.01 8677
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Supported favorable $-220 per year -0.08 8677
Long-term Supported favorable $-138 per year -0.05 6896
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods Little evidence to assess support favorable 4% (in percentage points) 0.09 511

Studies of this Intervention

Back to top
Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1