The Los Angeles County Transitional Subsidized Employment Program—OJT provided partially subsidized work opportunities to move Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients into unsubsidized permanent employment.

The Los Angeles County Transitional Subsidized Employment Program—OJT provided partially subsidized work opportunities to move Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients into unsubsidized permanent employment.

At the time this evaluation occurred, two subsidized employment programs were active in Los Angeles County: OJT and a paid work experience (PWE) program. The Los Angeles County Transitional Subsidized Employment Program—OJT placed participants in a partially subsidized, six-month position at a for-profit, private-sector organization, where they were paid $8 an hour by the local Workforce Investment Board for the first two months. The intervention aimed to have participants make the transition into unsubsidized positions with the same employer when the subsidy ended.  The average placement lasted two and a half months.

TANF recipients who were not exempt from TANF work requirements were referred to Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN), the county’s welfare-to-work program. (Work requirement exemptions could be due to having very young children, having a disability, or caring for an ill or disabled person.) Those who were referred to GAIN and were not able to find unsubsidized work during their four-week job search under GAIN were recruited for Transitional Subsidized Employment if they met the following additional criteria: (1) able to work the hours required by Paid Work Experience (PWE) or OJT; (2) had at least five months of TANF eligibility remaining; (3) did not participate in Transitional Subsidized Employment in the last year; (4) did not have major employment barriers; and (5) had demonstrated to staff that they could and wanted to work (assessed by staff in various ways across locations).

OJT was offered in Los Angeles County, CA. This evaluation of OJT also analyzes another subsidized employment program, the PWE model, and a comparison of the PWE and OJT.

Year evaluation began: 2012
Populations and employment barriers: Cash assistance recipients, Parents
Intervention services: Training, On-the-job training, Subsidized employment
Setting(s): Tested in multiple settings

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Supported favorable $1,004 per year 0.05 1748
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $188 per year 0.01 1748
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 5% (in percentage points) 0.13 1748
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 2% (in percentage points) 0.04 1748
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Supported favorable $-113 per year -0.04 1748
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-44 per year -0.02 1748
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods Not supported unfavorable -4% (in percentage points) -0.08 1392

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1