The Massachusetts ET Program aimed to help recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) overcome barriers to employment by connecting them with employment and education services and additional supportive services that aligned with their goals and interests.
AFDC recipients first participated in an assessment to identify barriers to employment success. After receiving counseling from their case managers, participants chose from a set of employment, remedial education, postsecondary education, vocational training, and supported work experience programs that best fit their needs and interests.
The employment-oriented services included pre-employment services such as workshops, job placement, and job development. The remedial education services included GED prep courses, English-as-a-second-language classes, adult basic education, or high school classes. The postsecondary education services included classes at community colleges or four-year colleges.
Each set of programs included pre-worksite counseling and employment preparation, up to nine months of employment and supportive services, and post-employment counseling. There were no time restrictions for service receipt, and the duration was between 7 to 24 months, depending on the services used and length of time in finding a job.
The target population was AFDC recipients who volunteered to participate in the program. ET was implemented in Massachusetts.