TransitionsSF supported unemployed and underemployed noncustodial parents in finding and maintaining work with the goal of improving participants’ employment outcomes and ability to pay for child support.

TransitionsSF supported unemployed and underemployed noncustodial parents in finding and maintaining work with the goal of improving participants’ employment outcomes and ability to pay for child support.

TransitionsSF included three phases. The first phase, which typically lasted for three weeks, was a pre-transitional job period, during which participants took assessments to determine whether they required substance abuse services, mental health services, or other services. If participants needed any of these services, case managers made appropriate referrals. This phase also included individualized job-readiness training that helped participants develop their soft skills. In the second phase, participants were placed in subsidized transitional jobs for five months. The jobs could be at a nonprofit (Goodwill), in the public sector, or in the private sector. Near the end of the second phase, case managers provided individualized job search assistance. In the third phase, program staff helped participants for a year either with job searching if the participant had not yet found an unsubsidized job or with retention and advancement if they had found a job. During each phase, participants received case management services. As an incentive to continue participating in the program, participants had suspended driver's licenses reinstated, received $75 stipends for attending job clubs and submitting job search plans, and had their child support payments reduced to an amount that was below the guideline established for their income during the time that they were in the program. In total, participants received services for about a year and a half. The TransitionsSF program served unemployed and underemployed noncustodial parents. TransitionsSF took place in San Francisco, CA. The evaluation of TransitionsSF was part of the Enhanced Transitional Jobs Demonstration evaluation, which also studied Good Transitions; Supporting Families Through Work; Parent Success Initiative; Next STEP; RecycleForce; and Ready, Willing & Able Pathways2Work.

Year evaluation began: 2011
Populations and employment barriers: Parents, Noncustodial parents
Intervention services: Case management, Employment retention services, Financial incentives, Substance use disorder treatment and mental health services, Soft skills training, Subsidized employment, Transitional jobs, Work readiness activities, Job search assistance, Job development/job placement
Setting(s): Urban only

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Supported favorable $4,016 per year 0.19 994
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $1,736 per year 0.08 994
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 8% (in percentage points) 0.19 994
Long-term Supported favorable 6% (in percentage points) 0.14 994
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term No evidence to assess support
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-281 per year -0.10 655
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods No evidence to assess support

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1