Next STEP sought to help formerly incarcerated individuals reenter the workforce by providing them with 2 weeks of work-readiness training, supportive services, and 16 weeks of subsidized work.

Next STEP sought to help formerly incarcerated individuals reenter the workforce by providing them with 2 weeks of work-readiness training, supportive services, and 16 weeks of subsidized work.

Next STEP participants received 2 weeks of work-readiness training and then worked with a job developer to be placed in a private job with subsidized wages for 16 weeks (with a full subsidy for 8 weeks and a half subsidy for the subsequent 8 weeks). All employers agreed to retain the participant if they did well, and hired participants were invited to quarterly job retention meetings. In addition to subsidized employment, participants had access to case management, mental health services, financial incentives, and legal assistance. People were eligible for Next STEP if they met the following criteria: (1) were age 18 or older; (2) had been convicted of a crime as an adult under federal or state law; (3) had not been convicted of a sex offense; (4) had been released from prison in the past 120 days; (5) were living in Tarrant County, TX; (6) were registered with Selective Service; and (7) had at least two of the following: no recent skilled employment, long-term unemployment, an inability to return to their former profession, no high school diploma, a high school diploma but less than a ninth-grade reading level, homelessness, no right-to-work document, a physical or mental limitation or disability, or no credential or degree earned in the past five years in a high-demand occupation field. The program took place in Fort Worth, TX.

The evaluation also tested similar subsidized employment interventions in Atlanta, GA (Good Transitions); Milwaukee, WI (Supporting Families Through Work); San Francisco, CA (TransitionsSF); Syracuse, NY (Parent Success Initiative); Indianapolis, IN (RecycleForce); and New York, NY (Ready, Willing and Able Pathways2Work).

Year evaluation began: 2011
Populations and employment barriers: Former incarceration
Intervention services: Case management, Employment retention services, Financial incentives, Substance use disorder treatment and mental health services, Training, Subsidized employment, Transitional jobs, Work readiness activities, Job search assistance, Job development/job placement
Setting(s): Urban only

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

Back to top
View Table Help Need more context or definitions for the Outcome Domain table below? View the "Table Help" to get more insight into terms, measures, and definitions.

Scroll to the right to view the rest of the table columns

Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable $-105 per year -0.01 998
Long-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable $-690 per year -0.03 998
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 1% (in percentage points) 0.04 998
Long-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable -1% (in percentage points) -0.02 998
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term No evidence to assess support
Long-term Little evidence to assess support unfavorable $58 per year 0.02 765
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods Supported favorable 3% (in percentage points) 0.06 686

Studies of this Intervention

Back to top
Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1