GAIN provided a series of education, training, and work readiness activities tailored to participants’ education and skill levels to help recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) increase their employment and earnings.
For participants with low educational attainment or low math, reading, or English language skills at program entry, GAIN began with adult education. For all other GAIN participants, the program began with job search assistance, including job clubs, supervised job searches, and connections to local employers with the assistance of a job developer. Participants who did not obtain employment after these activities underwent formal assessments of their career goals and skills, developed an employment plan, and could engage in a variety of work, education, and training activities, including vocational or on-the-job training, unpaid work experience, supported work, and postsecondary education. Clients continued in GAIN until they found employment, left GAIN, or became exempt from the program for other reasons. GAIN participants were AFDC recipients in California. The GAIN evaluation occurred in six California counties: Alameda, Butte, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego, and Tulare.