Jobs-Plus was an employment and training program implemented in public housing developments to help residents increase their earnings and quality of life.

Jobs-Plus was an employment and training program implemented in public housing developments to help residents increase their earnings and quality of life.

Jobs-Plus had three core components. First, Jobs-Plus provided participants with employment and training services to help them find paid employment quickly. These services included individual job search assistance from employment counselors and job developers, help preparing for and attending job interviews, soft skills instruction, short-term basic education, and vocational skills training. Participants also received assistance overcoming other immediate barriers to employment, including child care coordination, assistance with transportation, and referrals to other community services. Second, Jobs-Plus changed public housing rent policies so that residents paid less than 30 percent of their earned income in rent, rents did not increase as their earnings increased, and residents received information about their eligibility for other federal financial supports. Third, Jobs-Plus created small groups of residents in each housing facility who served as coaches and information sources for their neighbors. These residents were paid a small stipend and overseen by Jobs-Plus staff. Residents were eligible for services for as long as they lived in the housing community. Jobs-Plus was delivered to all working-age, nondisabled residents living in the public housing developments in which it was implemented. Jobs-Plus was implemented in Baltimore, MD; Chattanooga, TN; Dayton, OH; Los Angeles, CA; St. Paul, MN; and Seattle, WA.

Year evaluation began: 1998
Populations and employment barriers:
Intervention services: Education, Financial incentives, Supportive services, Training, Occupational or sectoral training, Soft skills training, Work readiness activities, Job development/job placement
Setting(s): Urban only

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $293 per year 0.01 4774
Long-term Supported favorable $753 per year 0.04 4774
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 1% (in percentage points) 0.02 4774
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 0% (in percentage points) 0.00 4774
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term No evidence to assess support
Long-term No evidence to assess support
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods No evidence to assess support

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1