WASC with Incentive Payments delivered integrated, intensive retention and advancement services with participation incentives to low-wage workers to help fill the gap in services available to them and help them advance and increase their incomes.

WASC with Incentive Payments delivered integrated, intensive retention and advancement services with participation incentives to low-wage workers to help fill the gap in services available to them and help them advance and increase their incomes.

The program provided information about and simplified access to financial work supports, such as the earned-income tax credit and child care subsidies. Retention and advancement services included career coaching and access to training and education to stabilize individuals’ employment and help them find better-paying jobs. The program helped participants secure funding for training and education costs through the Workforce Investment Act and other training funds. Additional incentives (gas, grocery, or gift cards) were offered to inactive participants to return and continue with the program. Participants received financial incentives of up to $5,730 for maintaining employment and participating in trainings. Participants received services for two years. Eligible participants earned less than $10 per hour and had a household income below 130 percent of the federal poverty level.

The program focused on individuals who were low-wage workers, reemployed dislocated workers, or both, and who had a limited prior connection to government assistance programs and were therefore most in need of assistance with work supports. A maximum of 50 percent of participants in each site could be Food Stamp recipients, and individuals receiving TANF were ineligible. WASC with Incentive Payments was implemented in Dayton, OH, as the Move Up/Career Advancement Unit. The WASC Demonstration that tested WASC with Incentive Payments also tested a version of WASC without incentives.

Year evaluation began: 2005
Populations and employment barriers: Employed
Intervention services: Case management, Education, Employment retention services, Financial incentives, Supportive services, Training, Occupational or sectoral training, On-the-job training
Setting(s): Tested in multiple settings

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $2,196 per year 0.11 1184
Long-term Little evidence to assess support 0
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 2% (in percentage points) 0.04 1184
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable 2% (in percentage points) 0.06 1176
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Not supported favorable $-176 per year -0.06 1184
Long-term Little evidence to assess support favorable $-22 per year -0.01 1176
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods Supported favorable 7% (in percentage points) 0.14 1184

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 1