VIP with VIEW changed the eligibility requirements for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and emphasized rapid reemployment, paternity establishment and economic self-sufficiency.

VIP with VIEW changed the eligibility requirements for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) and emphasized rapid reemployment, paternity establishment and economic self-sufficiency.

VIP eligibility provisions included the following: (1) one-time payments to families with a temporary loss of income if they agreed to forgo AFDC/TANF receipt for 160 days; (2) a “family cap” that excluded c children born more than 10 months after a family began to receive AFDC/TANF from a family’s benefit calculation; (3) an exemption for the accumulation of savings up to $5,000 to support education, entrepreneurship, or the purchase of a home; (4) the application of one-parent eligibility criteria in determining benefits for two-parent families; and (5) requirements for paternity establishment cooperation, child school attendance, and immunization, and a requirement that minor parents live with a parent or other eligible adult. In addition to VIP, participants were required to participate in VIEW. VIEW emphasized rapid reemployment, requiring individuals to sign an agreement of personal responsibility, begin job searching immediately, and obtain employment or participate in a community work experience program within 90 days of signing the agreement of personal responsibility. Finally, VIEW instituted a two-year time limit on cash assistance and tightened medical exemptions from AFDC/TANF work requirements. AFDC and TANF recipients who participated in this program were subject to VIP with VIEW provisions. VIP with VIEW was implemented in Lynchburg, Petersburg, and Prince William County in Virginia. This evaluation also studied the impacts of VIP Only (that is, VIP without VIEW).

Year evaluation began: 1995
Populations and employment barriers: Cash assistance recipients
Intervention services: Education, Financial incentives, Health services, Sanctions, Supportive services, Training, Occupational or sectoral training, Subsidized employment, Unpaid work experience, Work experience, Job search assistance
Setting(s): Tested in multiple settings

Effectiveness Rating and Effect By Outcome Domain

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Outcome domain Term Effectiveness rating Effect in 2018 dollars and percentages Effect in standard deviations Sample size
Increase earnings Short-term Not supported favorable $837 per year 0.04 6143
Long-term Not supported favorable $837 per year 0.04 5339
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase employment Short-term Supported favorable 2% (in percentage points) 0.05 6143
Long-term Supported favorable 3% (in percentage points) 0.07 5339
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Decrease benefit receipt Short-term Mixed support favorable $-28 per year -0.01 6143
Long-term Mixed support $0 per year 0.00 4110
Very long-term No evidence to assess support
Increase education and training All measurement periods No evidence to assess support

Sample Characteristics

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State or region: Virginia

Participant race and ethnicity
Black or African American
63%
Hispanic or Latino of any race
3%
Unknown or not reported
34%

Studies of this Intervention

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Study Quality Rating Study Counts per Rating
High High 6