The Pathways Clearinghouse reports on changes in outcomes that an intervention is expected to have. Outcome domains are groups of related outcomes. The Pathways Clearinghouse includes the following domains:
- Increase earnings — An increase in the amount earned through paid employment after the participant first received intervention services.
- Increase employment — An increase in the rate of employment after the participant first received intervention services.
- Decrease benefit receipt — Reduction in the percentage of people receiving public benefits or the value of their benefits after participants are offered intervention services.
- Increase education and training — Attainment of a degree or credential.
Short-term outcomes are those measured 18 months or fewer after participants are first offered services. Long-term outcomes are those measured between 18 months and 5 years after participants are first offered services. Very long-term outcomes are those measured 5 years or more after participants are first offered services.
The effectiveness rating indicates whether the intervention is likely to produce favorable results if faithfully replicated with a similar population. Please see the Effectiveness rating key found below the table for more information.
Effects shown are the estimated changes in the percent of low-income adults who are employed, average annual earnings, average annual public benefits received, and percent of low-income adults with any education and training credential.
We estimate comparable effects in 2018 dollars and percentages by calculating the average impact of the intervention in standard deviation units (Hedges’ g effect sizes) across outcomes and studies and comparing that average to the distributions of outcomes for adults with low earnings potential in the 2019 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
View the glossary for more information about these and other terms used on this page.