Submitted by user on Fri, 02/28/2020 - 17:25
Study Name
Work Advancement and Support Center (WASC)—Bridgeport, CT
Study Sharepoint ID
3149.03
Evaluation name
Work Advancement and Support Center (WASC) Demonstration
Count age
0
Count Young Adults
0
Count Hard-to-employ
0
Count Disability
0
Count chronically ill
0
Count mentally ill
0
Count substance dependent
0
Count formerly incarcerated
0
Count Justice involved
0
Count limited work history
0
Count homeless
0
Count immigrants
0
Count refugees
0
Count veterans
0
Count female
0
Count Male
0
Count Any postsecondary education
0
Count With a high school diploma or GED
0
Count No high school diploma or GED
0
Count Married
0
Count Parents
0
Count Single Parents
0
Count Non-Custodial Parents
0
Count Employed
0
Count Self employed
0
Count Unemployed
0
Count Disconnected/discouraged workers
0
Count general low-income population
0
Count Very low income (as classified by the authors)
0
Count welfare population
0
Count long-term welfare recipients
0
Count Asian
0
Count Black or African American
0
Count Hispanic or Latino of any race
0
Count American Indian or Alaska Native
0
Count Pacific islander
0
Count White
0
Count More than one race
0
Count Unknown race
0
Percent female
66.50
Percent Male
33.50
Percent Any postsecondary education
36.90
Percent No high school diploma or GED
16.60
Percent With a high school diploma or GED
83.40
Percent Married
19.20
Percent Parents
56.10
Percent Single Parents
42.00
Percent Employed
100.00
Percent general low-income population
100.00
Percent Asian
1.10
Percent Black or African American
60.50
Percent Hispanic or Latino of any race
23.20
Percent White not Hispanic
8.20
Percent another race
7.00
Mean age
33.40
Group formation formatted

The study used a lottery-like process to randomly assign study participants to the WASC group or to a comparison group. Specifically, once an eligible individual consented to participate and filled out a baseline questionnaire, site staff submitted the individual’s information online to the evaluator, and an algorithm created by the evaluator performed random assignment. The WASC was implemented in three locations (Dayton, OH; Bridgeport, CT; and San Diego, CA), and this review examines results for Bridgeport. Other reviews on this site examine the other two locations. The research sample size was 705, with 351 people in the WASC group and 354 people in the comparison group. Random assignment occurred from fall 2006 to early 2008. The authors examined 12-month survey data and administrative data. Those eligible for the survey spoke English or Spanish and had been randomly assigned between October 18, 2006, and August 31, 2007. Of the 706 participants, 387 met these eligibility criteria. Of those eligible, 375 were randomly selected to participate in the survey.

Study timing formatted

The WASC Bridgeport study site enrolled clients from fall 2006 through early 2008. Individuals were followed for a three-year period.

Secondary domains examined
Physical health, Mental health
Study funding formatted

Funding for the demonstration project came from the U.S. Department of Labor, the Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Earlier grants that supported this project were from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the James Irvine Foundation, and the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation.

Sample Characteristics

The study recruited low-wage workers and reemployed dislocated workers with income eligibility guidelines. Eligible study participants were those who earned less than $10 per hour and had a household income below 130 percent of the federal poverty level. The study also focused on a population that had a limited prior connection to the welfare system and thus was in most need of assistance with work supports. As a result, current recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) were not eligible to enroll in the demonstration, and current recipients of Food Stamps made up a maximum of 50 percent of the sample. In Bridgeport, 67 percent of participants were women, and the average age for the full research sample at baseline was between 33 and 34 years old. The sample was 61 percent Black and 23 percent Hispanic. In addition, 72 percent of participants were single, and 56 percent had at least one child. About two-thirds worked part time, and 37 percent had some education beyond high school.

Implementing organization formatted

One-stop career center (Southwestern CTWorks Center)

Program history

The WASC expanded the mission of one-stop career centers to include low-wage workers and therefore was more comprehensive than the existing workforce development system. The Bridgeport WASC site operated from October 2006 through March 2009.

Treatment condition formatted

The WASC program delivered integrated, intensive retention and advancement services to incumbent workers. It provided information about, and simplified access to, financial work supports, such as the earned-income tax credit and child care subsidies. Services were offered at one-stop career centers where workforce development and welfare staff worked together in the same unit as a team. Retention and advancement services included career coaching and access to training and education to stabilize individuals' employment and help them find better-paying jobs. The WASC model in Bridgeport, CT, focused mostly on providing access to, and funding for, vocational training. Bridgeport’s program offered access to work supports through a designated work support specialist.

Comparison condition formatted

Existing employment services with a focus on job placement (instead of advancement) for low-wage workers were implemented in the comparison group.

Mandatory services formatted

None.

Timing of study formatted

WASC services were available for two years to all intervention group members.

Program funding formatted

Southwestern CTWorks Center funds, including  Workforce Investment Act (WIA) training funds and non-WIA discretionary funds.

Setting details formatted

The program took place in the Southwestern CTWorks Center in Bridgeport, CT.

Delivered by public or private entity?
Public
Earliest publication year
2012
Most recent publication year
2012
Manuscripts
Check edits flag
No